Strongly creating wealth and jobs, generating productivity gains that are distributed in the productive system, having a strong impact on the balance of payments, software industries are one of the leading sectors of the economy. They represent an economic weight comparable to the weight of a car.
Software sector. Despite the predominance in the publication of software packages, France and Europe have strong advantages in software. The software economy is largely unbalanced, with strong dominance of US publishers in various software markets.
The American software industry has a large domestic market that is committed to technology. This benefits greatly from proximity to component and computer manufacturers. European software manufacturers are more present at the other end of the spectrum: in applications. Europe has a strong position in certain areas: IT services and application software. Industrial software (in particular, the life cycle of PLM products) with a very active business community. Embedded software: aircraft manufacturers, defense, car.
Industrial users have high demands. European players in this sector are quite competitive. Software based on smart card technology. Free software: a very strong presence in the open source community (16% of developers are French) Despite the fact that private research firms are offered than INSEE and national accountants, it is far from established that the difference between the efforts of software (buying software packages , the use of service providers, development independently French, European and American companies on others are also indicated.The subordinate position of Europe is not fatal if m We acknowledge that the software economy is far from stabilizing.
Telecom sector. Technological breaks periodically shock the economy of the telecommunications sector; technological breaks, but also socio-economic. Each break offers opportunities for redistributing roles and hierarchies.
The constant expansion of computer capabilities since its birth after the Second World War and with its ever-increasing role in an increasing number of sectors of activity has been done by Software – this is an area of strong growth, which should be classified as the main industry only in its direct weight in the economy.
The task of the software market is not limited to its direct impact. Indeed, during the 1990s, software became truly ubiquitous, not only for the needs of a corporate information system, but also as an integral part, and soon dominant, of the added value of most branches. industry, either visible or as hidden software.
We can say that software is everywhere. In the world of transportation using avionics, computerized rails, automotive technology, automated motion control systems, to manage telecommunications networks, laptops, smart cards, medical instruments, in the production and management of energy transportation, and again in the production of almost all industries.
Constantly expanding the scope of its applications, software in a certain sense is changing in nature, it is becoming a strategic element for all industries, a “common technology”, that is, an integral component. The added value of all branches of economic activity comparable in this respect to energy.
Software transversely interferes with the competitiveness of the economy. For many manufacturers, software production becomes structural, it accounts for a significant part of their turnover and the main element of competition. This important software market is also particularly difficult to study from a statistical point of view.
The uncertainty of definitions, the rapid or sudden development, and the difficulty of collecting data that remain fragmented, together make the available figures especially difficult to interpret. For example, the nomenclature distributes software activity among several categories, at the same time mixing it with other activities, while data on international software exchanges are clearly underestimated because it is difficult to track this type of exchange.
These are the characteristics of a strong innovation market that has only recently become so important. Research tools have not yet been fully adapted, and perhaps some may still invent them.